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AIDS Behav


Title:Sexual risks among southern thai drug injectors
Author(s):Perngmark, P. Celentano, D. D. Kawichai, S.
Address:Department of Public Health Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Thailand.
Year:2004 Mar
Journal Title:AIDS Behav
Page Number:63-72
Language:eng
Volume:8
Issue:1
ISSN/ISBN:1090-7165 (Print). 1090-7165 (Linking)
 
Abstract:Sexual risks for HIV transmission among injection drug users (IDUs) in Thailand are not well characterized. We surveyed 272 male IDUs about their background, sexual behaviors, and drug use at drug treatment clinics in southern Thailand. HIV seroprevalence was determined using enzyme immunoassay. Fifty-six percent of participants were sexually active, of whom 88% had sex mostly with a noninjecting regular partner (wife or steady girlfriend), reporting low rates (34%) of condom use. Among sexually active IDUs, 43% were HIV infected and only a few were aware of their HIV serostatus. Condom use was associated with history of HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) and poor perceived health status in multivariate analysis. Unprotected sex with regular sexual partners is frequent among IDUs in southern Thailand, where most IDUs have not sought VCT services. AIDS prevention efforts should address access to VCT and condom promotion to sexually active couples to prevent sexual transmission of HIV.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.