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AIDS Behav


Title:Impact of marriage on HIV/AIDS risk behaviors among impoverished, at-risk couples: a multilevel latent variable approach
Author(s):Stein, J. A. Nyamathi, A. Ullman, J. B. Bentler, P. M.
Address:Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. jastein@ucla.edu
Year:2007 Jan
Journal Title:AIDS Behav
Page Number:87-98
Language:eng
Volume:11
Issue:1
ISSN/ISBN:1090-7165 (Print). 1090-7165 (Linking)
 
Abstract:Studies among normative samples generally demonstrate a positive impact of marriage on health behaviors and other related attitudes. In this study, we examine the impact of marriage on HIV/AIDS risk behaviors and attitudes among impoverished, highly stressed, homeless couples, many with severe substance abuse problems. A multilevel analysis of 368 high-risk sexually intimate married and unmarried heterosexual couples assessed individual and couple-level effects on social support, substance use problems, HIV/AIDS knowledge, perceived HIV/AIDS risk, needle-sharing, condom use, multiple sex partners, and HIV/AIDS testing. More variance was explained in the protective and risk variables by couple-level latent variable predictors than by individual latent variable predictors, although some gender effects were found (e.g., more alcohol problems among men). The couple-level variable of marriage predicted lower perceived risk, less deviant social support, and fewer sex partners but predicted more needle-sharing.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.