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Haak, U., Hölldobler, B., Bestmann, H.J., and Kern, F. 1996. Species-specificity in trail pheromones and Dufour's gland contents of Camponotus atriceps and C. floridanus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Chemoecology. 7:85-93.
Haberer, W., Schmitt, T., Peschke, K., Schreier, P., and Müller, J.K. 2008. Ethyl 4-methyl heptanoate: a male-produced pheromone of Nicrophorus vespilloides. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:94-98.
Haberer, W., Schmitt, T., Schreier, P., Eggert, A.K., and Müller, J.K. 2017. Volatiles emitted by calling males of burying beetles and Ptomascopus morio (Coleoptera: Silphidae: Nicrophorinae) are biogenetically related. J. Chem. Ecol. 43:971-977.
Hackman, R.H., Pryor, M.G.M., and Todd, A.R. 1948. The occurrence of phenolic substances in arthropods. Biochem. J. 43:474-477.
Hadley, N.F., Blomquist, G.J., and Lanham, U.N. 1981. Cuticular hydrocarbons of four species of Colorado Hymenoptera. Insect Biochem. 11:173-177.
Haga, K., Suzuki, T., Kodama, S., and Kuwahara, Y. 1989. Secretion of thrips. III. Secretion of acid-emitting thrips, Hoplothrips japonicus (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 24:242-244.
Haga, K., Suzuki, T., Kodama, S., and Kuwahara, Y. 1990. Secretion of thrips VI. Identification of beta-myrcene from Thlibothrips isunoki (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 25:138-139.
Hagan, D.V., and Brady, U.E. 1981. Absence of detectable 2-phenylethanol in Trichoplusia ni, a reported pheromone of males. J. Georgia Entomol. Soc. 16:192-196.
Hagey, L., and MacDonald, E. 2003. Chemical cues identify gender and individuality in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca). J. Chem. Ecol. 29:1479-1488.
Hai, T.V., Vang, L.V., Son, P.K., Inomata, S., and Ando, T. 2002. Sex attractants for moths of Vietnam: field attraction by synthetic lures baited with known lepidopteran pheromones. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:1473-1481.
Halfhill, J.E., and McDonough, L.M. 1985. Heliothis Zea (Boddie): Formulation parameters for its sex pheromone in rubber septa. Southwest Entomol. 10:176-180.
Hall, D.R., Amarawardana, L., Cross, J.V., Francke, W., Boddum, T., and Hillbur, Y. 2012. The chemical ecology of Cecidomyiid midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 38:2-22.
Hall, D.R., and Read, J.S. 1979. Sex attractants for two zygaenid moths. J. Entomol. Soc. South Afr. 42:115-119.
Hall, D.R., Beevor, P.S., Campion, D.G., Chamberlain, D.J., Cork, A., White, R.D., Almestar, A., and Henneberry, T.J. 1992. Nitrate esters: novel sex pheromone components of the cotton leafperforator, Bucculatrix thurberiella Busck. (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae). Tetrahedron Lett. 33:4811-4814.
Hall, D.R., Beevor, P.S., Campon, D.G., Chamberlain, D.J., Cork, A., White, R., Almestre, A., Henneberry, T.J., Nandagopal, V., Wightman, J.A., and Rao, G.V.R. 1993. Identification and synthesis of new pheromones. Bulletin OILB SROP. 16:1-9.
Hall, D.R., Beevor, P.S., Cork, A., Lester, R., Nesbitt, B.F., Nyirenda, G.K.C., Phiri, D.D.N., Blair, B.W., and Tannock, J. 1981. The female sex pheromone of the maize stalk-borer Busseola fusca (Fuller) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): identification and initial field trials. Zimbabwe J. Agric. Res. 19:111-122.
Hall, D.R., Beevor, P.S., Cork, A., Nesbitt, B.F., and La Croix, E.A.S. 1984. (Z)-8-dodecenyl acetate: the major component of the female sex pheromone of Cryptophlebia batrachopa, a tortricid pest of macadamia in Malawi. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 35:33-36.
Hall, D.R., Beevor, P.S., Lester, R., and Nesbitt, B.F. 1980. (E,E)-10,12-hexadecadienal: a component of the female sex pheromone of the spiny bollworm, Earias insulana (Boisd.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Experientia. 36:152-154.
Hall, D.R., Cork, A., Lester, R., Nesbitt, B.F., and Zagatti, P. 1987. Sex pheromone of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. II. Identification and role of female pheromone. J. Chem. Ecol. 13:1575-1589.
Hall, D.R., Cork, A., Phythian, S.J., Chittamuru, S., Jayarama, B.K., Venkatesha, M.G., Sreedharan, K., Vinod Kumar, P.K., Seetharama, H.G., and Naidu, R. 2006. Identification of components of male-produced pheromone of coffee white stemborer, Xylotrechus quadripes. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:195-219.
Hall, D.R., Farman, D., Domínguez, J.C., and Pajares, J.A. 2017. Female sex pheromone of the cone moth, Dioryctria mendacella: investigation of synergism between type I and type II pheromone components. J. Chem. Ecol. 43:433-442.
Hall, D.R., Farman, D.I., Cross, J.V., Pope, T.W., Ando, T., and Yamamoto, M. 2009. (S)-2-acetoxy-5-undecanone, female sex pheromone of the raspberry cane midge, Resseliella theobaldi (Barnes). J. Chem. Ecol. 35:230-242.
Hall, F.R., Hollingworth, R.M., and Shankland, D.L. 1969. Cyanide tolerance in millipedes: comparison of respiration in millipedes and insects. Entomol. News. 80:277-282.
Hall, P., and Traniello, J.F.A. 1985. Behavioral bioassays of termite trail pheromones. Recruitment and orientation effects of cembrene-A in Nasutitermes costalis (Isoptera: Termitidae) and discussion of factors affecting termite ressponse in experimental contexts. J. Chem. Ecol. 11:1503-1513.
Hallett, R.H., Gries, G., Gries, R., Borden, J.H., Czyzewska, E., Oehlschlager, A.C., Pierce, H.D., Jr., Angerilli, N.P.D., and Rauf, A. 1993. Aggregation pheromones of two Asian palm weevils, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus and R. vulneratus. Naturwissenschaften. 80:328-331.
Hallett, R.H., Perez, A.L., Gries, G., Gries, R., Pierce, Jr., H.D., Yue, J., Oehlschlager, A.C., Gonzalez, L.M., and Borden, J.H. 1995. Aggregation pheromone of coconut rhinoceros beetle, Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 21:1549-1570.
Halperin, J., and Golan, Y. 1982. Attraction of males of Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni Tams to the sex pheromone of Th. pityocampa Schiff. Phytoparasitica. 10:140.
Hamilton, J.G.C., Brazil, R.P., and Maingon, R. 2004. A fourth chemotype of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Jaíbas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. J. Med. Entomol. 41:1021-1026.
Hamilton, J.G.C., Dawson, G.W., and Pickett, J.A. 1996a. 3-methyl-alpha-himachalene: proposed structure for novel homosesquiterpene sex pheromone of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Jacobina, Brazil. J. Chem. Ecol. 22:2331-2340.
Hamilton, J.G.C., Dawson, G.W., and Pickett, J.A. 1996b. 9-methylgermacrene-B; proposed structure for novel homosesquiterpene from the sex pheromone glands of Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Lapinha, Brazil. J. Chem. Ecol. 22:1477-1491.
Hamilton, J.G.C., Gough, A.J.E., Staddon, B.W., and Games, D.E. 1985. Multichemical defense of plant bug Hotea gambiae (Westwood) (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae). (E)-2-hexenol from abdominal gland in adults. J. Chem. Ecol. 11:1399-1409.
Hamilton, J.G.C., Hall, D.R., and Kirk, W.D.J. 2005. Identification of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:1369-1379.
Hammack, L. 2001. Single and blended maize volatiles as attractants for diabroticite corn rootworm beetles. J. Chem. Ecol. 27:1373-1390.
Hammack, L. 2003. Volatile semiochemical impact on trapping and distribution in maize of northern and western corn rootworm beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Agric. Forest Entomol. 5:113-122.
Hammack, L., and Hesler, L.S. 1996. Phenylpropanoids as attractants for adult Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae). J. Med. Entomol. 33:859-862.
Hammack, L., Hibbard, B.E., Holyoke, C.W., Kline, M., and Leva, D.M. 1999. Behavioral response of corn rootworm adults to host plant volatiles perceived by western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Environ. Entomol. 28:961-967.
Hammouda, Y., and Salama, R.B. 1974. Isolation of cantharidin from Epicauta tomentosa. Die Pharmazie. 29:147-148.
Hamstead, E.O., Dolphin, R.E., and Roelofs, W. 1972. Field test of virgin female and synthetic sex-lure traps for male redbanded leafrollers. Environ. Entomol. 1:488-489.
Han, B.Y., and Chen, Z.M. 2002a. Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of natural enemies to synomones from tea shoots and kairomones from tea aphids, Toxoptera aurantii. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:2203-2219.
Han, B.Y., and Chen, Z.M. 2002b. Composition of the volatiles from intact and mechanically pierced tea aphid-tea shoot complexes and their attraction to natural enemies of the tea aphid. J. Agric. Food Chem. 50:2571-2575.
Han, B.Y., and Han, B. 2007. EAG and behavioral responses of the wingless tea aphid Toxoptera aurantii (Homoptera: Aphididae) to tea plant volatiles. Acta Ecol. Sin. 27:4485-4490.
Han, B.Y., Wang, M.-X., Zheng, Y.-C., Niu, Y.-Q., Pan, C., Cui, L., Chauhan, K.R., and Zhang, Q.-H. 2014. Sex pheromone of the tea aphid, Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer de Fonscolombe) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). Chemoecology. 24:179-187.
Han, G.-B., Ma, R.-Y., Du, J.-W., and Hu, C. 1999. The sex pheromone communication system of adult jujube leafroller Ancylis sativa Liu. Acta Entomol. Sin. 42:25-30.
Han, K.S., Jung, J.K., Choi, K.H., Lee, S.W., and Boo, K.S. 2000. Sex pheromone composition and male trapping of the peach fruit moth, Carposina sasakii (Matsumura) (Lepidoptera: Carposinidae) in Korea. J. Asia Pacific Entomol. 3:83-88.
Han, K.S., Jung, J.K., Choi, K.H., Lee, S.W., and Boo, K.S. 2001. Sex pheromone composition and male trapping of the oriental fruit moth, Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in Korea. J. Asia Pacific Entomol. 4:31-35.
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Hand, S.C., Ellis, N.W., and Stoakley, J.T. 1987. Development of a pheromone monitoring system for the winter moth, Operophtera brumata (L.), in apples and in Sitka spruce. Crop Prot. 6:191-196.
Haniotakis, G., Francke, W., Mori, K., Redlich, H., and Schurig, V. J. 1986. Sex-specific activity of (R)-(-)- and (S)-(+)-1,7-dioxaspiro[5.5]undecane, the major pheromone of Dacus oleae. J. Chem. Ecol. 12:1559-1568.
Hanks, L.M., and Millar, J.G. 2013. Field bioassays of cerambycid pheromones reveal widespread parsimony of pheromone structures, enhancement by host plant volatiles, and antagonism by components from heterospecifics. Chemoecology. 23:21-44.
Hanks, L.M., Millar, J.G., Mongold-Diers, J.A., Wong, C.H., Meier, L.R., Reagel, P.F., and Mitchell, R.F. 2012. Using blends of cerambycid beetle pheromones and host plant volatiles to simultaneously attract a diversity of cerambycid species. Can. J. For. Res. 42:1050-1059.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2018. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <>.
© 2003-2018 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
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