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Semiochemicals of Phthorimaea operculella, the Potato tuberworm

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Uniramia
Class:  Insecta
Order:  Lepidoptera
Family:  Gelechiidae
Subfamily:  Gelechiinae
Genus:  Phthorimaea
Tribe:  
Author:  Zeller
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Bedoukain


Semiochemical(s):

  Ono T  1997  Appl. Entomol. Zool.  32: 514   
    E4Z7-13Ac    4 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    6 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Ono T  1997  Appl. Entomol. Zool.  32: 514   
    E4Z7-13Ac    4 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Thailand 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    6 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Ono T  1990  J. Chem. Ecol.  16: 531   
    E4Z7-13Ac    8.6 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Japan 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    3.9 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Ono T  1990  J. Chem. Ecol.  16: 531   
    E4Z7-13Ac    2.7 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
California, USA 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    1.4 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Toth M  1984  J. Chem. Ecol.  10: 271   
    E4Z7-13Ac    3.5 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    3.7 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Raman KV  1982  Environ. Entomol.  11: 367   
    E4Z7-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Voerman S  1978c  J. Chem. Ecol.  4: 531   
    E4Z7-13Ac    9 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    1 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Persoons CJ  1976b  Entomol. Exp. Appl.  20: 289   
    E4Z7-13Ac    4 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    1 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Persoons CJ  1976a  Meded. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv.  41: 945   
    E4Z7-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Bacon OG  1976  J. Econ. Entomol.  69: 569   
    E4Z7-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Yamaoka R  1976  Agric. Biol. Chem.  40: 1971   
    E4Z7Z10-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Roelofs WL  1975c  Life Sci.  17: 699   
    E4Z7-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   * (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Fouda HG  1975  J. Econ. Entomol.  68: 423   
    Z7Z11-13Ac    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 

Reference(s):

Ono, T., Chouvalitwongporn, P., and Saito, T. 1997. Comparison of the sex pheromone system between Japanese and Thai populations of the potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 32:514-517.
 
Ono, T., Charlton, R.E., and Card, R.T. 1990. Variability in pheromone composition and periodicity of pheromone titer in potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 16:531-542.
 
Tth, M., Bellas, T.E. and Rothschild, G.H.L. 1984. Role of pheromone components in evoking behavioral responses from male potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 10:271-280.
 
Raman, K.V. 1982. Field trials with the sex pheromone of the potato tuberworm. Environ. Entomol. 11:367-370.
 
Voerman, S., and Rothschild, G.H.L. 1978c. Synthesis of the two components of the sex pheromone system of the potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) and field experience with them. J. Chem. Ecol. 4:531-542.
 
Persoons, C.J., Voerman, S., Verwiel, P.E.J., Ritter, F.J., Nooyenand, W.J., and Minks, A.K. 1976b. Sex pheromone of the potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella: isolation, identification and field evaluation. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 20:289-300.
 
Persoons, C.J., Voerman, S., Verwiel, P.E.J., Nooijen, P.J.F., Nooijen, W.J., Ritter, F.J., and Minks, A.K. 1976a. Sex pheromone of the potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella: isolation and identification. Med. Fac. Landbouww. Rijksuniv. Gent. 41:945-948.
 
Bacon, O.G., Seiber, J.N., and Kennedy, G.G. 1976. Evaluation of survey trapping techniques for potato tuberworm moths with chemical baited traps. J. Econ. Entomol. 69:569-572.
 
Yamaoka, R., Fukami, H., and Ishii, S. 1976. Isolation and identification of the female sex pheromone of the potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller). Agric. Biol. Chem. 40:1971-1977.
 
Roelofs, W.L., Kochansky, J.P., Card, R.T., Kennedy, G.G., Henrick, C.A., Labovitz, J.N., and Corbin, V.L. 1975c. Sex pheromone of the potato tuberworm moth, Phthorimaea operculella. Life Sci. 17:699-706.
 
Fouda, H.G., Seiber, J.N., and Bacon, O.G. 1975. A potent sex attractant for the potato tuberworm moth. J. Econ. Entomol. 68:423-427.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2017. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
2003-2017 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 6-September-2017