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Paczkowska, M., Rachow, C., and Schütz, S. 2012. Electrophysiological reaction and behavioural response of the oligophagous moths Smerinthus ocellatus L. 1758 and Cerura vinula L. 1758 towards methyl salicylate and other host plant odors. Mitt. Dtsch. Ges. Allg. Angew. Entomol. 18:213-217.
Padmaja, P.G., Woodcock, C.M., and Bruce, T.J.A. 2010. Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata, to sorghum volatiles. J. Chem. Ecol. 36:1346-1353.
Pai, K.F., Chen, C.J., Yang, J.T., and Chen, C.C. 2004. Green lacewing Ankylopteryx exquisite attracted to methyl eugenol. Plant Prot. Bull. 46:93-97.
Pailee, P., Mahidol, C. Ruchirawat, S., and Prachyawarakorn, V. 2017. Sterols from Thai marine sponge Petrosia (Strongylophora) sp. and their cytotoxicity. Mar. Drugs. 15:54-65.
Paine, T.D., Millar, J.G., Hanlon, C.C., and Hwang, J.S. 1999. Identification of semiochemicals associated with Jeffrey pine beetle, Dendroctonus jeffreyi. J. Chem. Ecol. 25:433-453.
Pajares, J.A., Álvarez, G., Hall, D.R., Douglas, P., Centeno, F., Ibarra, N., Schroeder, M., Teale, S.A., Wang, Z., Yan, S., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2013. 2-(Undecyloxy)-ethanol is a major component of the male-produced aggregation pheromone of Monochamus sutor. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 149:118-127.
Pajares, J.A., Álvarez, G., Ibeas, F., Gallego, D., Hall, D.R., and Farman, D.I. 2010. Identification and field activity of a male-produced aggregation pheromone in the pine sawyer beetle, Monochamus galloprovincialis. J. Chem. Ecol. 36:570-583.
Pajares, J.A., Ibeas, F., Diez, J.J., and Gallego, D. 2004. Attractive responses by Monochamus galloprovincialis (Col., Cerambycidae) to host and bark beetle semiochemicals. J. Appl. Entomol. 128:633-638.
Pal, E., Allison, J., Guignard, Q., Hurley, B.P., Slippers, B., and Fourie, G. 2022. Characterisation of the alarm pheromone of Bathycoelia distincta (Pentatomidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 48:791-801.
Pal, T., Abraham, B., Sonnevend, A., Jumaa, P., and Conlon, J.M. 2006. Brevinin-1BYa: a naturally occurring peptide from frog skin with broad-spectrum antibacterial and antifungal properties. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents. 27:525-529.
Palacio-Cortes, A. M., Fonseca, M.G., and Zarbin, P.H.G. 2014. Toward the identification of the sex pheromone of Diatraea indigenella Dyar & Heinrich (Lepidoptera: Crambidae): calling behavior and chemical structure of a major component. Neotrop. Entomol. 43:526-531.
Palacio-Cortés, A.M., Valente, F., Saad, E.B., Tröger, A., Francke, W., and Zarbin, P.H.G. 2015. (1R,2S,6R)-Papayanol, aggregation pheromone of the guava weevil, Conotrachelus psidii. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 26:784-789.
Palagiano, E., Marino, S.D., Minale, L., Riccio, R., Zollo, F., Iorizzi, M., Carré, J.B., Debitus, C., Lucarain, L., and Provost, J. 1995. Ptilomycalin A, crambescidin 800 and related new highly cytotoxic guanidine alkaloids from the starfishes Fromia monilis and Celerina heffernani. Tetrahedron. 51:3675-3682.
Palagiano, E., Zollo, F., Minale, L., Iorizzi, M., Bryan, P., McClintock, J., and Hopkins, T. 1996. Isolation of 20 glycosides from the starfish Henricia downeyae, collected in the Gulf of Mexico. J. Nat. Prod. 59:348-354.
Palermo, J.A., Brasco, M.F.R., Cabezas, E., Balzaretti, V., and Seldes, A.M. 1998. Celenamide E, a tripeptide alkaloid from the Patagonian sponge Cliona chilensis. J. Nat. Prod. 61:488-490.
Palermo, J.A., Brasco, M.F.R., Hughes, E.A., Seldes, A.M., Balzaretti, V.T., and Cabezas, E. 1996. Short side chain sterols from the tunicate Polizoa opuntia. Steroids. 61:2-6.
Palermo, J.A., Brasco, M.F.R., Spagnuolo, C., and Seldes, A.M. 2000. Illudalane sesquiterpenoids from the soft coral Alcyonium paessleri: the first natural nitrate esters. J. Org. Chem. 65:4482-4486.
Palermo, J.A., Flower, B.P., and Seldes, A.M. 1992. Chondriamides A and B, new indolic metabolites from the red alga Chondria sp. Tetrahedron Lett. 33:3097-3100.
Palframan, M.J., Bandi, K.K., Hamilton, J.G.C., Pattenden, G. 2018. Sobralene, a new sexaggregation pheromone and likely shunt metabolite of the taxadiene synthase cascade, produced by the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis. Tetrahedron Lett. 59:1921-1923.
Pan, K., Inagaki, M., Ohno, N., Tanaka, C., Higuchi, R., and Miyamoto, T. 2010. Identification of sixteen new galactocerebrosides from the starfish Protoreaster nodosus. Chem. Pharm. Bull. 58:470-474.
Pan, Y.-L., and Shen, Y.-C. 2002. Bioactive constituents from Taiwanese soft coral Clavularia inflata. Thesis Uni. Nationale Sun Yat-sen. 1-123.
Panasiuk, O. 1984. Response of Colorado potato beetles, Leptinotarasa decemlineata (Say), to volatile components of tansy, Tanacetum vulgare. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:1325-1333.
Pandya, A.C., Bapodra, A.H., and Parekh, H.H. 1990. Brominated phenolic compounds in Indian marine algae. Planta Med. 56:557.
Pantoja, S., Hoeneisen, M., Becerra, J., Silva, M., and Faulkner, D.J. 1986. Steroids isolated from Lophogorgia platycados. J. Nat. Prod. 49:357.
Papaj, D.R., Feeny, P., Sachdev-Gupta, K., and Rosenberry, L. 1992. D-(+)-pinitol, an oviposition stimulant for the pipevine swallowtail butterfly, Battus philenor. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:799-815.
Papke, M., Riechert, S.E., and Schulz, S. 2001. An airborne female pheromone associated with male attraction and courtship in a desert spider. Anim. Behav. 61:877-886.
Papke, M., Schulz, S., Tichy, H., Gingl, E., and Ehn, R. 2000. Identification of a new sex pheromone from the silk dragline of the tropical wandering spider Cupiennius salei. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 39:4339-4341.
Parameswaran, P.S., Bhat, K.L., Das, B., Kamat, S.Y., and Harnos, S. 1994. Halogenated terpenoids from the brown alga Padina tetrastromatica (Hauck). Indian J. Chem. B. 33:1006-1008.
Parameswaran, P.S., Naik, C.G., Das, B., and Kamat, S.Y. 1991. Echinoside-B from the lakeshadweep sea cucumber Actinopyga mauritiana (Quoy and Gaimard). Indian J. Chem. B. 30:375-376.
Parameswaran, P.S., Naik, C.G., Das, B., Kamat, S.Y., Bose, A.K., and Nair, M.S.R. 1996. Constituents of the brown alga Padina tetrastromatica (Hauck). Indian J. Chem. B. 35:463-467.
Parameswaran, P.S., Naik, C.G., Kamat, S.Y., and Pramanik, B.N. 1998b. Renieramycins H and I, two novel alkaloids from the sponge Haliclona cribriutis Dendy. Indian J. Chem. B. 37:1258-1263.
Parameswaran, P.S., Naik, C.G., Kamat, S.Y., Puar, M.S., Das, P., and Hegde, V.R. 1998a. Studies on the secondary metabolites from the Indian gorgonian Subergorgia suberosa: isolation and characterization of four analogues of the cardiotoxin subergorgic acid. J. Nat. Prod. 61:832-834.
Parashar, B.D., Gupta, G.P., Sikder, N., and Rao, K.M. 1993. Diethylphenylacetamide: a new insect repellent against stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans. Med. Vet. Entomol. 7:259-262.
Pardo, P.R., and Nates, P.G. 1994. Increasing flower visits by Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in crops by the use of synthetic Nasonov pheromone. Rev. Col. Entomol. 20:187-192.
Pardo-Vargas, A., de Barcelos Oliveira, I., Stephens, P.R.S., Cirne-Santos, C.C., de Palmer Paixăo, I.C.N., Ramos, F.A., Jiménez, C., Rodríguez, J., Resende, J.A.L.C., Teixeira, V.L., and Castellanos, L. 2014. Dolabelladienols A–C, new diterpenes isolated from Brazilian brown alga Dictyota pfaffii. Mar. Drugs. 12:4247-4259.
Pareja, M., Borges, M., Laumann, R.A., and Moraes, M.C.B. 2007. Inter- and intraspecific variation in defensive compounds produced by five neotropical stink bug species (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). J. Insect Physiol. 53:639-648.
Park, A., Moore, R.E., and Patterson, G.M.L. 1992. Fischerindole L, a new isonitrile from the terrestrial blue-green alga Fischerella muscicola. Tetrahedron Lett. 33:3257-3260.
Park, I.-K., Lee, H.-R., Jung, C.-S., and Koh, S.-H. 2018. Synergic effect of sex pheromone (7R,8S)-cis-7,8-epoxy-2- methyloctadec-17-ene on (+)-disparlure of the Asian gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, in Korea. J. Forest Res. 30:1119-1122.
Park, J.H., Han, K.S., Mori, K., and Boo, K.S. 2002. Right stereoisomers for sex pheromone components of the apple leafminer, Lyonetia prunifoliella, in Korea. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:2515-2525.
Park, J.M., Jung, J.E., and Lee, B.J. 1994. Antimicrobial peptides from the skin of a Korean frog, Rana rugosa. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 205:948-954.
Park, K.C., and Cork, A. 1999. Electrophysiological responses of antennal receptor neurons in female Australian sheep blowflies, Lucilia cuprina, to host odours. J. Insect Physiol. 45:85-91.
Park, K.C., Cork, A., and Boo, K.S. 1996. Intrapopulational changes in sex pheromone composition during scotophase in oriental tobacco budworm, Helicoverpa assulta (Guenée) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 22:1201-1210.
Park, K.C., Cork, A., Boo, K.S., and Hall, D.R. 1994. Biological activity of female sex pheromone of the oriental tobacco budworm, Helicoverpa assulta (Guenee) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): electroantennography, wind tunnel observation and field trapping. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 33:26-32.
Park, K.C., Elias, D., Donato, B., and Hardie, J. 2000. Electroantennogram and behavioural responses of different forms of the bird cherry-oat aphid, Rhopalosiphum padi, to sex pheromone and a plant volatile. J. Insect Physiol. 46:597-604.
Park, M., Fenical, W., and Hay, M.E. 1992. Debromoisocymobarbatol, a new chromanol feeding deterrent from the marine alga Cymopolia barbata. Phytochem. 31:4115-4118.
Park, R.J., and Sutherland, M.D. 1962. Volatile constituents of the bronze orange bug, Rhoecocoris sulciventris. Aust. J. Chem. 15:172-174.
Park, S., Park, S.H., Ahn, H.C., Kim, S., Kim, S.S., Lee, B.J., and Lee, B.J. 2001. Structural study of novel antimicrobial peptides, nigrocins, isolated from Rana nigromaculata. FEBS Lett. 507:95-100.
Park, S.C., and Foster, S.P. 1998. Comparative sex pheromone-associated behavior of Planotortrix notophaea and P. octo (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). J. Asia Pacific Entomol. 1:91-98.
Park, S.C., Wi, A.J., and Kim, H.S. 1994. Response of Matsucoccus thunbergianae males to synthetic sex pheromone and its utilization for monitoring the spread to infestation. J. Chem. Ecol. 20:2185-2196.
Park, S.-I., Lee, Y.-J., Won, H., Oh, K.-B., and Lee, H.-S. 2018. Indole alkaloids from tropical sponge Hyrtios sp. as isocitrate lyase inhibitors. NPC. 13:683-685.
Park, S.K., and Scheuer, P.J. 1994b. Isolation and structure determination of two furanosesquiterpenes from the soft coral Sinularia lochmodes. J. Korean Chem. Soc. 38:749-752.
Park, S.K., Jurek, J., Carney, J.R., and Scheuer, P.J. 1994a. Two more bastadins, 16 and 17, from an Indonesian sponge Ianthella basta. J. Nat. Prod. 57:407-410.
Park, Y., Liu, Y., Hong, J., Lee, C.-O., Cho, H., Kim, D.-K., Im, K.S., and Jung, J.H. 2003. New bromotyrosine derivatives from an association of two sponges, Jaspis wondoensis and Poecillastra wondoensis. J. Nat. Prod. 66:1495-1498.
Parkhill, J., and Cembella, A. 1999. Effects of salinity, light and inorganic nitrogen on growth and toxigenicity of the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense from northeastern Canada. J. Plankton Res. 21:939-955.
Parra, L., Mutis, A., Ceballos, R., Lizama, M., Pardo, F., Perich, F., and Quiroz, A. 2009. Environ. Entomol. 38:781-789.
Parra, L.L.L., Bertonha, A.F., Severo, I.R.M., Aguiar, A.C.C., de Souza, G.E., Oliva, G., Guido, R.V.C., Grazzia, N., Costa, T.R., Miguel, D.C., Gadelha, F.R., Ferreira, A.G., Hajdu, E., Romo, D., and Berlinck, R.G.S. 2018. Isolation, derivative synthesis, and structure-activity relationships of antiparasitic bromopyrrole alkaloids from the marine sponge Tedania bBrasiliensis. J. Nat. Prod. 81:188-202.
Parrish, S.M., Neupane, R.P., Harper, M.K., Head, J., and Williams, P.G. 2019. Myrmenaphthol A, isolated from a Hawaiian sponge of the genus Myrmekioderma. J. Nat. Prod. 82:2668-2671.
Parrish, S.M., Yoshida, W., Yang, B., and Williams, P.G. 2017. Ulapualides C–E isolated from a Hawaiian Hexabranchus sanguineus egg mass. J. Nat. Prod. 80:726-730.
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Parvathavarthini, R., and Uma, B. 2016. Isolation and characterization of angiogenic active compound from sea urchin, Temnopleurus alexandri (Bell, 1884). IJSR. 5:16-19.
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Pasqualini, E., Antropoli, A., and Faccioli, B. 1992. Attractant performance of a synthetic sex pheromone for Zeuzera pyrina L. (Lep., Cossidae). Boll. Ist. Entomol. Univ. Bologna. 46:101-108.
Pasqualini, E., Bortolotti, A., Maini, S., Baronio, P., and Campadelli, G. 1982. Cossus cossus L. (Lep., Cossidae) male catches in Emilia-Romagna (Italy) with synthetic pheromone. Colloq. l'INRA Versailles. 7:399-401.
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Pasteels, J.M., Dalňze, D., and Boeve, J.L. 1989. Aldehydic contact poisons and alarm pheromone of the ant Crematogaster scutellaris (Hymenoptera: Myrmicinae). Enzyme-mediated production from acetate precursors. J. Chem. Ecol. 15:1501-1511.
Pasteels, J.M., Dalňze, D., van Dorsser, W., and Roba, J. 1979. Cardiac glycosides in the defensive secretion of Chrysolina herbacea (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Identification, biological role and pharmacological activity. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C. 63:117-121.
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Patil, A.D., Freyer, A.J., Killmer, L., Offen, P., Carte, B., Jurewicz, A.J., and Johnson, R.K. 1997c. Frondosins, five new sesquiterpene hydroquinone derivatives with novel skeletons from the sponge Dysidea frondosa: Inhibitors of interleukin-8 receptors. Tetrahedron. 53:5047-5060.
Patil, A.D., Freyer, A.J., Killmer, L., Zuber, G., Carte, B., Jurewicz, A.J., and Johnson, R.K. 1997d. Lissoclin disulfoxide, a novel dimeric alkaloid from the ascidian Lissoclinum sp.: inhibitor of interleukin-8 receptors. Nat. Prod. Lett. 10:225-229.
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Paul, V.J., and Fenical, W. 1980c. Toxic acetylene-containing lipids from the red marine alga Liagora farinosa Lamouroux. Tetrahedron Lett. 21:3327-3330.
Paul, V.J., and Fenical, W. 1982. Toxic feeding deterrents from the tropical marine alga Caulerpa bikinensis (Chlorophyta). Tetrahedron Lett. 23:5017-5020.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <>.
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