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Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Antonov, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Woodward, C., and Collin, P.D. 2005b. Glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. IV. Structure of frondosides A2-4, A2-7, and A2-8, three new minor monosulfated triterpene glycosides. Can. J. Chem. 83:2120-2126.
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., Fedorov, S.N., Stepanov, V.G., Dong, Z., and Stonik, V.A. 2008. Constituents of the sea cucumber Cucumaria okhotensis. Structures of okhotosides B1–B3 and cytotoxic activities of some glycosides from this species. J. Nat. Prod. 71:351-356.
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Kalinovsky, A.I., Stonik, V.A., and Smirnov, A.V. 2004. Pseudostichoposide B – new triterpene glycoside with unprecedent type of sulfatation from the deep-water North-Pacific sea cucumber Pseudostichopus trachus. Nat. Prod. Res. 18:565-570.
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Stonik, V.A., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., and Stepanov, V.G. 2007b. Monosulfated triterpene glycosides from Cucumaria okhotensis Levin et Stepanov, a new species of sea cucumbers from Sea of Okhotsk. Russian J. Bioorg. Chem. 33:73-82.
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Morre, J., Deinzer, M.L., Woodward, C., and Collin, P.D. 2007a. Glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria frondosa. V. Structure of five new minor trisulfated triterpene oligoglycosides, frondosides, A7-1, A7-2, A7-3,A7-4, and isofrondoside C. Can. J. Chem. 85:626-636.
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Kalinovsky, A.I., Kalinin, V.I., Andryjaschenko, P.V., and Dmitrenok, P.S. 2018b. Psolusosides C1, C2, and D1, novel triterpene hexaosides from the sea cucumber Psolus fabricii (Psolidae, Dendrochirotida). NPC. 13:1623-1628.
Silchenko, A.S., Avilov, S.A., Kalinovsky, A.I., Kalinin, V.I., Andryjaschenko, P.V., and Dmitrenok, P.S., Popov, R.S., Chingizova, E.A., and Kasakin, M.F. 2019a. NPC. Psolusosides C3 and D2-D5, five novel triterpene Hexaosides from the sea cucumber Psolus fabricii (Psolidae, Dendrochirotida): chemical structures and bioactivities. 14:1-12.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Chingizova, E.A., Dolmatov, I.Y., and Kalinin, V.I. 2017d. Cladolosides I1, I2, J1, K1, K2 and L1, monosulfated triterpene glycosides with new carbohydrate chains from the sea cucumber Cladolabes schmeltzii. Carbohydr. Res. 445:80-87.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Chingizova, E.A., Minin, K.V., and Stonik, V.A. 2016b. Structures and biogenesis of fallaxosides D4, D5, D6 and D7, trisulfated non-holostane triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria fallax. Molecules. 21:939-950.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Martyyas, E.A., and Minin, K.V. 2016c. Fallaxosides C1, C2, D1 and D2, unusual oligosulfated triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Cucumaria fallax (Cucumariidae, Dendrochirotida, Holothurioidea) and taxonomic status of this animal. NPC. 11:939-945.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Yurchenko, E.A., and Dautov, S.S. 2014b. Structures of violaceusosides C, D, E and G, sulfated triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Pseudocolochirus violaceus (Cucumariidae, Dendrochirotida). NPC. 9:391.399.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Yurchenko, E.A., and Dolmatov, I.Y. 2015a. Colochirosides B1, B2, B3 and C, novel sulfated triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Colochirus robustus (Cucumariidae, Dendrochirotida). NPC. 10:1687-1694.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Yurchenko, E.A., and Dolmatov, I.Y. 2016a. Colochirosides A1, A2, A3, and D, four novel sulfated triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Colochirus robustus (Cucumariidae, Dendrochirotida). NPC. 11:381-387.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Martyyas, E.A., and Kalinin, V.I. 2012a. Triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Structure and biological action of cucumariosides A1, A3, A4, A5, A6, A12 and A15, seven new minor non-sulfated tetraosides and unprecedented 25-keto, 27-norholostane aglycone. NPC. 7:517-525.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Martyyas, E.A., and Kalinin, V.I. 2012b. Triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Structure and biological activity of cucumariosides B-1 and B-2, two new minor non-sulfated unprecedented triosides. NPC. 7:1157-1162.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Martyyas, E.A., and Kalinin, V.I. 2012c. Triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Structure and cytotoxic action of cucumariosides A2, A7, A9, A10, an, A13 and A14, seven new minor non-sulfated tetraosides and an aglycone with an uncommon 18-hydroxy group. NPC. 7:845-852.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Martyyas, E.A., and Kalinin, V.I. 2013d. Triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Structure and biological action of cucumariosides I1, I3, I4, Three new ninor disulfated pentaosides. NPC. 8:1053-1058.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Martyyas, E.A., Kalinin, V.I., Jayasandhya, P., Rajan, G.C., and Padmakumar, K.P. 2013c. Structures and biological activities of typicosides A1, A2, B1, C1 and C2, triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Actinocucumis typica. NPC. 8:301-310.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Menchinskaya, E.S., Aminin, D.L., and Kalinin, V.I. 2013b. Structure of cucumarioside I2 from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix (Djakonov et Baranova) and cytotoxic and immunostimulatory activities of this saponin and relative compounds. Nat. Prod. Res. 27:1776-1783.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., and Kalinin, V.I. 2011. Structure of cucumariosides H5, H6, H7 and H8, triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix and unprecedented aglycone with 16,22-epoxy-group. NPC. 6:1075-1082.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., and Kalinin, V.I. 2012d. Structures and cytotoxic properties of cucumariosides H2, H3 and H4 from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Nat. Prod. Res. 26:1765-1774.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., Dolmatov, I.Y., and Kalinin, V.I. 2015c. Structures and biological activities of cladolosides C3, E1, E2, F1, F2, G, H1 and H2, eight triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Cladolabes schmeltzii with one known and four new carbohydrate chains. Carbohydr. Res. 414:22-31.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., Dolmatov, I.Y., Dautov, S.S., Stonik, V.A., and Kalinin, V.I. 2016c. Colochiroside E, an unusual non-holostane triterpene sulfated trioside from the sea cucumber Colochirus robustus and evidence of the impossibility of a 7(8)-double bond migration in lanostane derivatives having an 18(16)-lLactone. NPC. 11:741-746.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., Dolmatov, I.Y., Kalinin, V.I., and Stonik, V.A. 2013a. Structure and biological action of cladolosides B1, B2, C, C1, C2 and D, six new triterpene Glycosides from the sea cucumber Cladolabes schmeltzii. NPC. 8:1527-1534.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., Dolmatov, I.Y., Savchenko, A.M., and Kalinin, V.I. 2014c. Triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Cladolabes schmeltzii. II. Structure and biological action of cladolosides A1–A6. NPC. 9:1421-1428.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., Ermakova, S.P., Malyarenko, O.S., Dolmatov, I.Y., and Kalinin, V.I. 2018c. Cladolosides C4, D1, D2, M, M1, M2, N and Q, new triterpene glycosides with diverse carbohydrate chains from sea cucumber Cladolabes schmeltzii. An uncommon 20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27-okta-nor-lanostane aglycone. The synergism of inhibitory action of non-toxic dose of the glycosides and radioactive irradiation on colony formation of HAT-29 cancer cells. Carbohydr. Res. 468:36-44.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., Ermakova, S.P., Malyarenko, O.S., Dolmatov, I.Y., and Kalinin, V.I. 2018d. Cladolosides O, P, P1-P3 and R, triterpene glycosides with two novel types of carbohydrate chains from the sea cucumberCladolabes schmeltzii. Inhibition of cancer cells colony formation and ist synergy with radioactive irradiation. Carbohydr. Res. 468:73-79.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Fedorov, S.N., Dmitrenok, P.S., Yurchenko, E.A., Kalinin, V.I., Rogacheva, A.V., and Gebruk, A.V. 2014a. Kolgaosides A and B, two new triterpene glycosides from the Arctic deep water sea cucumber Kolga hyalina (Elasipodida: Elpidiidae). NPC. 9:1259-1264.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Popov, R.S., Dmitrenok, P.S., Chingizova, E.A., Ermakova, S.P., Malyarenko, O.S., Dautov, S.S., and Kalinin, V.I. 2020. Structures and bioactivities of quadrangularisosides A, A1, B, B1, B2, C, C1, D, D1–D4, and E from the sea cucumber Colochirus quadrangularis: the first discovery of the glycosides, sulfated by C-4 of the terminal 3-O-methylglucose residue. Synergetic effect on colony formation of tumor HT-29 cells of these glycosides with radioactive irradiation. Mar. Drugs. 18:394-429.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Andryjaschenko, P.V., and Dmitrenok, P.S., Popov, R.S., Chingizova, E.A., Ermakova, S.P., and Malyarenko, O.S. 2019b. Structures and bioactivities of six new triterpene glycosides, psolusosides E, F, G, H, H1, and I and the corrected structure of psolusoside B from the sea cucumber Psolus fabricii. Mar. Drugs. 17:358-371.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Chingizova, E.A., Ermakova, S.P., Malyarenko, O.S., and Dautova, T.N. 2017a. Magnumosides B3, B4 and C3, mono- and disulfated triterpene tetraosides from the Vietnamese sea cucumber Neothyonidium (= Massinium) magnum. NPC. 12:1577-1582.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Chingizova, E.A., Ermakova, S.P., Malyarenko, O.S., and Dautova, T.N. 2017b. Nine new triterpene glycosides, magnumosides A1–A4, B1, B2, C1, C2 and C4, from the vietnamese sea cucumber Neothyonidium (=Massinium) magnum: structures and activities against tumor cells independently and in synergy with radioactive irradiation. Mar. Drugs. 15:256-277.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Popov, R.S., and Chingizova, E.A. 2019c. Structures and bioactivities of psolusosides B1, B2, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, and Q from the sea cucumber Psolus fabricii. The first finding of tetrasulfated marine low molecular weight metabolites. Mar. Drugs. 17:631-656.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Popov, R.S., Kalinin, V.I., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., and Yurchenko, E.A. 2018a. Triterpene glycosides from the sea cucumber Eupentacta fraudatrix. Structure and cytotoxic action of cucumarioside D with a terminal 3-O-Me-glucose residue unique for this species. NPC. 13:137-140.
Silchenko, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Mazeika, A.N., Vorobieva, N.S., Sanina, N.M., and Kostetsky, E.Y. 2015b. Cucumarioside E from the far eastern sea cucumber Cucumaria japonica (Cucumariidae, Dendrochirotida), new minor monosulfated holostane triterpene pentaoside with glucose as the second monosaccharide residue. NPC. 10:877-880.
Silchenko, A.S., Stonik, V.A., Avilov, S.A., Kalinin, V.I., Kalinovsky, A.I., Zaharenko, A.M., Smirnov, A.V., Mollo, E., and Cimino, G. 2005a. Holothurins B2, B3, and B4, new triterpene glycosides from Mediterranean sea cucumbers of the genus Holothuria. J. Nat. Prod. 68:564-567.
Silchenkoa, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Taboada, S., and Avila, C. 2013e. Triterpene glycosides from Antarctic sea cucumbers IV. Turquetoside A, a 3-O-methylquinovose containing disulfated tetraoside from the sea cucumber Staurocucumis turqueti (Vaney, 1906) (ĽCucumaria spatha). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 51:45-49.
Silchenkoa, A.S., Kalinovsky, A.I., Avilov, S.A., Dmitrenok, P.S., Kalinin, V.I., Berdyshev, D.V., Chingizova, E.A., Andryjaschenko, P.V., Minin, K.V., and Stonik, V. 2017c. Fallaxosides B1 and D3 , triterpene glycosides with novel skeleton types of aglycones from the sea cucumber Cucumaria fallax. Tetrahedron. 73:2335-2341.
Siljander, E., Gries, R., Khaskin, G., and Gries, G. 2008. Identification of the airborne aggregation pheromone of the common bed bug, Cimex lectularius. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:708-718.
Silk, P.J., and Kuenen, L.P.S. 1988b. Sex pheromones and behavioral biology of the coniferophagous Choristoneura. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 33:83-101.
Silk, P.J., Butterworth, E.W., Kuenen, L.P.S., Northcott, C.J., and Kettela, E.G. 1988a. Sex pheromone of purplestriped shootworm, Zeiraphera unfortunana Powell. J. Chem. Ecol. 14:1417-1425.
Silk, P.J., Butterworth, E.W., Kuenen, L.P.S., Northcott, C.J., Dunkelblum, E., and Kettela, E.G. 1989. Identification of sex pheromone component of spruce budmoth Zeiraphera canadensis. J. Chem. Ecol. 15:2435-2444.
Silk, P.J., Eveleigh, E., Roscoe, L., Burgess, K., Weatherby, S., Leclair, G., Mayo, P., and Brophy, M. 2017. Unsaturated cuticular hydrocarbons enhance responses to sex pheromone in spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana. J. Chem. Ecol. 43:753-762.
Silk, P.J., Kuenen, L.P.S., Alford, A.R., Lonergan, G.C., and Grant, G.G. 1997. Sex pheromone components of the oak leaf shredder, Croesia semipurpurana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 129:1001-1008.
Silk, P.J., Kuenen, L.P.S., and Lonergan, G.C. 1985a. A biologically active analogue of the primary sex-pheromone components of spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 117:257-260.
Silk, P.J., Kuenen, L.P.S., Tan, S.H., Roelofs, W.L., Sanders, C.J., and Alford, A.R. 1985b. Identification of sex pheromone components of jack pine budworm, Choristoneura pinus pinus Freeman. J. Chem. Ecol. 11:159-167.
Silk, P.J., Lonergan, G.C., Allen, D.C., and Spear O' Mara, J. 2000. Potential sex pheromone components of the saddled prominent (Lepidoptera: Notodontidae). Can. Entomol. 132:681-684.
Silk, P.J., Lonergan, G.C., Northcott, C.J., Nielsen, K., and Kettela, E.G. 1993. A structure-activity study of the sex pheromone chemistry of the hemlock looper, Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria (Gn.). Entomol. 1:85-92.
Silk, P.J., Ryall, K., Lyons, D.B., Sweeney, J., and Wu, J. 2009. A contact sex pheromone component of the emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae). Naturwissenschaften. 96:601-608.
Silk, P.J., Ryall, K., Mayo, P., MaGee, D.I., Leclair, G., Fidgen, J., Lavallee, R., Price, J., and McConaghy, J. 2015. A biologically active analog of the sex pheromone of the emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis. J. Chem. Ecol. 41:294-302.
Silk, P.J., Sweeney, J., Wu, J., Sopow, S., Mayo, P.D., and Magee, D. 2011. Contact sex pheromones identified for two species of longhorned beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) Tetropium fuscum and T. cinnamopterum in the subfamily Spondylidinae. Environ. Entomol. 40:714-726
Silk, P.J., Sweeney, J., Wu, J.P., Price, J., Gutowski, J.M., and Kettela, E.G. 2007. Evidence for a male-produced pheromone in Tetropium fuscum (F.) and Tetropium cinnamopterum (Kirby) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Naturwissenschaften. 94:697-701.
Silk, P.J., Tan, S.H., Wiesner, C.J., Ross, R.J., and Lonergan, G.C. 1980. Sex pheromone chemistry of the eastern spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana. Environ. Entomol. 9:640-644.
Silk, P.J., Wiesner, C.J., Tan, S.H., Ross, R.J., and Grant, G.G. 1982. Sex pheromone chemistry of the western spruce budworm Choristoneura occidentalis Free. J. Chem. Ecol. 8:351-362.
Sillam-Dussčs, D., Hanus, R., Abd El-Latif, A.O., Jiroš, P., Krasulová, J., Kalinová, B., Valterová, I., and Šobotník, J. 2011. Sex pheromone and trail pheromone of the sand termite Psammotermes hybostoma. J. Chem. Ecol. 37:179-188.
Sillam-Dussčs, D., Hradecký, J., Stiblik, P., da Cunha, H.F., Carrijo, T.F., Lacey, M.J., Bourguignon, T., and Šobotník, J. 2020b. The trail-following pheromone of the termite Serritermes serrifer. Chemoecology.
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Sillam-Dussčs, D., Sémon, E., Lacey, M.J., Robert, A., Lenz, M., and Bordereau, C. 2007. Trail-following pheromones in basal termites, with special reference to Mastotermes darwiniensis. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:1960-1977.
Sillam-Dussčs, D., Sémon, E., Moreau, C., Valterová, I., Sobotník, J., Robert, A., and Bordereau, C. 2005. Neocembrene A, a major component of the trail-following pheromone in the genus Prorhinotermes (Insecta, Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae). Chemoecology. 15:1-6.
Sillam-Dussčs, D., Sémon, E., Robert, A., and Bordereau, C. 2009b. (Z)-Dodec-3-en-1-ol, a common major component of the trail-following pheromone in the termites Kalotermitidae. Chemoecology. 19:103-108.
Sillam-Dussčs, D., Sémon, E., Robert, A., Cancello, E., Lenz, M., Valterovŕ, I., and Bordereau, C. 2010. Identification of multi-component trail pheromones in the most evolutionarily derived termites, the Nasutitermitinae (Termitidae). Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 99:20-27.
Sillam-Dussčs, D., Šobotník, J., Bourguignon, T., Wen, P., Sémon, E., Robert, A., Cancello, E.M., Leroy, C., Lacey, M.J., and Bordereau, C. 2020a. Trail-following pheromones in the termite subfamily Syntermitinae (Blattodea, Termitoidae, Termitidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 46:475-482.
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Silva, L.R., Batista, C.V.F., Prates, M.V., Gordo, M., and Bloch, C. 2000. A new antimicrobial peptide homologous to the dermaseptins isolated from Phyllomedusa tarsius. Toxicon. 38:554-555.
Silva, M., Azevedo, J., Rodríguez, P., Alfonso, A., Botana, L.M., and Vasconcelos, V. 2012. New gastropod vectors and tetrodotoxin potential expansion in temperate waters of the Atlantic ocean. Mar. Drugs. 10:712-726.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2024. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <>.
Ⓒ 2003-2024 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
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